We've compiled this glossary to help you understand some of the terms and phrases associated with our unique products, as well as others that are commonly used in financial trading.
Expiration, Expiry, Expiration Time, Expiration Date
The point in time at which the Expiration Value is calculated. For most Nadex contracts, exchange members can leave orders to trade right up until this point. However, please note that some Events markets may close prior to Expiration.
The calculated level of the underlying market at Expiration, as determined by Nadex (except for Economic Events where it is determined by the relevant source agency). Nadex uses the following processes to calculate Expiration Value:
Nadex Stock Indices and Commodities Contracts:
- Take the last 25 trade prices in the underlying market
- Remove the highest 5 prices and the lowest 5 prices
- Take the arithmetic average of the remaining 15 prices and round to one decimal point past the point of precision of the underlying market (with the exception of Wall Street 30, which is rounded to the same point as the underlying market)
Nadex Forex Contracts:
- Take the last 10 midpoint prices in the underlying market
- Remove the highest 3 prices and the lowest 3 prices
- Take the arithmetic average of the remaining 4 prices and round to one decimal point past the point of precision of the underlying market
Nadex Bitcoin Contracts:
All Nadex Bitcoin binary options are settled by the last tick before expiration of the Tera® Bitcoin Price Index.
The lower and upper limits against which the expiration value is compared in order to produce the Settlement Value. The Settlement Value cannot be below the Floor or above the Ceiling.
The distance between the Floor and Ceiling values. The size of the Floor/Ceiling range may vary from time to time according to conditions in the underlying market.
Last Trading Day
The date on which trading on the given contract stops.
The specific futures month of an underlying market that the contract is based on.
Master Spread, Spread Contract
For non-forex Bull Spreads, a Bull Spread contract with a large Floor/Ceiling range.
Nadex Indicative Index Value
The calculated level of the underlying market, as determined by Nadex (for all markets except for Economic Events). Nadex uses the following process to calculate the Nadex Indicative Index Value:
1. Take the last 25 trade or midpoint* prices in the underlying market
2. Remove the highest five prices and the lowest five prices
3. Take the arithmetic average of the remaining 15 prices and round to one decimal point past the point of precision of the underlying market (with the exception of Wall Street 30, which is rounded to the same point as the underlying market)
*Midpoints apply to forex, last trades apply to other contracts.
For non-forex Bull Spreads, a Bull Spread contract with a small Floor/Ceiling range. These are generally offered as a series of three contracts with overlapping Floor/Ceiling ranges, covering the full range of the master spread between them.
Number of Ranges
The number of different Floor/Ceiling ranges that are offered for a particular market.
Number of Strikes
The number of different strike prices that are offered for a particular market.
The level at which a contract is settled, based on the Expiration Value and any relevant parameters of the contract (e.g. Floor/Ceiling levels for Bull Spreads).
Binary Options must have a Settlement Value of either 0 or 100. Bull Spreads must have a Settlement Value no lower than their Floor level and no higher than their Ceiling level.
In the case of economic events, the publisher of the Expiration Value (e.g. for Nonfarm Payrolls contracts, the source agency is the Bureau of Labor Statistics).
Speculative Position Limit
The maximum aggregate position that any person can hold or control in any particular contract class.
For Binary Options, the level against which the expiration value is compared in order to produce the Settlement Value.
The distance between strike prices for a particular market.
Tick Size, Point Size
The incremental price movement that corresponds to a profit/loss equal to the Tick Value per contract. (For example a tick size of 0.01 means that a movement of 0.01 in the price equates to a profit or loss equal to the value of one tick).
The value of one tick/point. This is $1 for all Nadex contracts.
The times of day during which the contract will be open for trading on the exchange.
The source market that expiration values are based on.